8 Diseases That Spread Faster During The Cold Season
During the winter or cold season, certain types of diseases seem to be on the rise. They spread faster or easily, from one person to another. Due to the cold, people stay closer to each other and go out less. So it is understandable why the illnesses spread easily.
Most of the diseases that spread faster during the cold seasons are respiratory diseases. It is easier for them to do so more than any other type. This is mainly as a result of the cold or dry air weakening the resistance of people during the season.
In this article, you will learn about the 7 diseases that spread faster during the cold season. Their symptoms, treatment, and how to protect yourself from getting them. Read on!
As stated earlier, during the winter, many people go out less and stay together more. Even without internationally planning it that way. While this can help them avoid the cold outside and stay warmer, it also makes it easier for several diseases-causing germs to jump from one person to another. Below are some of the diseases you will find prevalent in this season.
Top Illness To Watch Out For During Winter
Listed below are some of the diseases that spread during the cold periods.
- Common Cold
Common Cold is mainly caused by Rhinovirus. However, according to studies, illness can also be caused by over 200 other viruses. The common cold affects your nose and throat moist. Sometimes your ears too.
Some of the common symptoms are aches, chills, runny nose, fatigue, low-grade fever, scratchy. Others that may or may not be present include coughing and sneezing.
The easiest way people catch the virus that causes the common cold is when an infected person coughs or sneezes where you are, releasing it in the air. People can also get it via materials that are contaminated.
Presently, there is no known medical cure for the common cold. However, antihistamines, decongestants, and cough drops may help reduce the symptoms.
Common cold can last from a few days to weeks being an infected person makes full recovery. To help with that, liquids and rest are two things to adopt. During the period the sickness lasts, you are to limit your contact with people to avoid passing it on to them.
If you ever notice the symptoms becoming worse or the sickness lasting more than usual, consult your doctor as soon as you can.
Pneumonia is a common illness during winter. It causes the air sacs in the lungs to become filled with different liquids. Especially pus.
Pneumonia is mainly caused by viruses, bacteria, and fungi. People whose body system has been weakened by illness, smoking, surgery, or age, get it the most.
The symptoms of the illness are fever, shaking chills, heavy sweating, coughing up mucus, severe pain in the chest as a result of the cough, shortness of breath, confusion, etc.
Pneumonia can be very deadly, if not properly treated and on time, the symptoms can be life-threatening. That is the reason you should contact your doctor as soon as you suspect the illness.
The sickness is normally treated with antibiotics. The time of recovery usually lasts from one to several weeks.
Flu is mainly gotten through contact with contaminated surfaces and also by inhaling droplets passed into the air by an infected person via sneezing or coughing. The disease affects the respiratory system the most.
Symptoms of flu include fatigue, fever, coughing and sneezing, sore throat, headache, and general body aches. Other symptoms like diarrhea and vomiting may also occur.
If properly treated, the Flu can be over within 5days. To fasten up your recovery process, you need to eat well, take more fluids, and rest well. Your doctor may prescribe some medications which may include Relenza or Tamiflu. That also depends on the severity of the illness.
Do not fail to consult your doctor as soon as you notice any of the symptoms. The faster you start the medications, the better.
- Whooping Cough
Whooping cough is caused by a bacterium known as Bordetella pertussis. The illness is highly contagious and is rampant among young children during winter.
The symptoms of the illness include a runny nose, fever, sneezing and watery eyes coughing that produces the whooping sound at the end. If not treated early, whooping cough can result in other illnesses like pneumonia and so many others.
Whooping cough can be treated early with antibiotics. Once you notice the symptoms, do not delay in consulting your doctor.
Other things that can be of help to you include staying warm, avoiding things that lead to the cough e.g. smoke, dust, etc, and taking more fluids.
Due to fact that this disease can lead to several others, you must start the treatment early. It will also help you to avoid passing it to others.
Whooping cough has a vaccine that is given to children to help protect them from the illness. However, in recent times, the illness has been noticed more and more. It is one of those diseases that spread faster during the colder seasons.
- Acute Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis affects the big tube that supplies air to the lungs also known as the bronchi, causing it to become inflamed and produce too much mucus. Those who smoke, have enlarged tonsils, sinusitis, allergies, etc are mostly at the risk of developing the illness.
Acute bronchitis can be gotten through inhaling bacteria or from a flu virus or a cold. Early treatment helps in dealing with the illness but even without many treatments, it can on its clear up.
Symptoms of acute bronchitis include a coughing spell that begins as a dry cough but starts producing mucus with time, headaches and general body pains, sore throat, chills, wheezing runny nose, and shortness of breath.
The illness can last from two weeks to a few months. To help relieve the symptoms, cough medicine, pain killers, and humidifiers can be used while the illness lasts. During this period, you will have to eat well, take more fluids, and rest well.
- Sore Throat
Sore throat is caused by many viral infections. Though one can get it during every other season, it is most prevalent during the winter. The temperature change from warm to cold is the most reason people develop it.
Sore throat is usually characterized by pains in the throat, difficulty in swallowing, etc. Several over-the-counter medications can help relieve the symptoms. Home remedies like a salty warm can also help relieve the symptom.
A sore throat can last from a few days to weeks. Though medications can help hasten the healing process, it can also clear up on its own.
Norovirus is known to spread faster during the winter. It is very contagious and is known to spread faster in places where there are many people every day. For instance nursing homes, hospitals, schools, and hostels.
The main symptoms are diarrhea and vomiting. The main symptoms are diarrhea and vomiting. The illness affects people whose immune system is not very strong e.g. the elderly and young children.
You can help reduce the impact of this stomach bug on your body by taking enough fluids daily. Oral rehydration can also help to keep your body going so you don’t get dehydrated.
Once you suspect you have Norovirus, it is best to contact your doctor as soon as possible. Early treatment can help suppress the symptoms and also help you recover faster.
- Dry Skin
Dry skin is very common during winter. This is because during the season the environmental humidity becomes low, causing your skin to lose moisture easily.
Apart from that, due to the cold in this season, more people tend to bath with hot water. Though this helps reduce the cold, it also affects the skin by causing it to lose moisture rapidly, become dry and itchy. Rather than having hot baths during the season, go or just warm baths.
To help relieve the dry skin, you can apply moisturizing lotions on your body after bath or before bedtime. This will help your skin retain more moisture and look great throughout the day.
Cold weather triggers or worsen certain medical conditions. While some can clear up on their own without you doing anything much, some require real treatments before they can clear up.
We have in this article discussed 8 of theses diseases that spread faster during the cold season. It is our hope that you find this winter illness guide very useful.
If you ever suspect you or anyone around you have any of the illnesses, do not hesitate to call for the help of a doctor. The best way to help cure any disease faster is through early treatment. Taking some time off work to rest will also be of great help. While you are on it, consider taking more fluids and fruits to help your body recover speedily.