Somebody that has borderline diabetes, or prediabetes, will have a blood sugar levels that is higher than normal but not yet high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes.
The Borderline diabetes is a condition that may lead to full diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, it is estimated that about 10 to 24 percent of people with borderline diabetes will go on to develop diabetes within 5 years.
Most doctors may also refer to borderline diabetes as:
•The insulin resistance
•The impaired glucose tolerance
•The impaired fasting glucose
Today’s article will looks at how to recognize risk factors for borderline diabetes, how you can manage the condition, and how you can prevent diabetes from developing.
The Symptoms of Borderline Diabetes
Borderline diabetes does not produce clear symptoms, so making a regular checks up will be very important for people who are at risk.
Borderline diabetes does not have clear symptoms, so many people may not be aware that they have it until:
•Their doctor tests their blood glucose and their blood pressure levels
•Borderline diabetes has progressed to diabetes
•When complication occurs, such as heart attack
Please know that if a person’s blood sugar level remains high, they may begin to develop some symptoms of diabetes. These Symptoms may include increased thirst and frequent urination.
So many people will not know they have Borderline diabetes until they get tested.
The Causes and risk factors
You should know that a range of other conditions can increase the risk of Borderline diabetes, which is according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), they includes:
•An obesity, especially abdominal obesity
•A high blood pressure
•A high blood fat levels
•A low levels of good high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol
•You are not getting enough exercise
•You have a family history of diabetes.
Note that the following lifestyle factors, according to the American Heart Association, may also be a risk for borderline diabetes in some people:
•An increased stress levels
•The smoking lifestyle
•The drinking of too much alcohol
•A regular consumption of high sugar drinks.
Please note that sugary drinks can contribute to high development of diabetes.
According to 2017 review found, people who regularly drink sugary beverages face an increased risk of metabolic diseases, such as high levels of blood glucose and fats, and high blood pressure.
However, this metabolic conditions can lead to borderline diabetes and diabetes.
For people who leave an inactive lifestyle are at higher risk of taking in too much calories without burning them through exercise.
There are other people who may be at risk of developing borderline diabetes which include those with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and also those who have experienced instances of high blood sugar levels previously.
Any person with any of these risk factors might benefit from a borderline diabetes screening to identify whether he or she has the condition.
Some doctor typically diagnoses borderline diabetes with a blood test, particularly a glucose tolerance test. The glucose tolerance test measures how rapidly the body can process the sugar in the blood in a 3 hour period. And other tests may include measuring blood sugar levels after someone has not eaten for a specific period of time. Some doctors may also use an A1C test.
However, this involves measuring the average blood sugar levels over 2 to 3 months. Note that people don’t need to take any specific liquids or medications for them to take this test, and also, it gives reliable results.
A doctor must diagnose borderline diabetes when test results show the following measurements According to the American diabetes association:
•A fasting blood sugar levels of 100 to 125 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dl)
•A glucose tolerance levels of 140 to 199 mg/dl
•An A1C test result of about 5.7 to 6.4 percent
Some doctors will often re-test these levels to ensure that the readings are not due to one-off spikes in blood sugar.
Who should go for screening?
Please note that the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases recommend that people with the below risk factors should undergo a borderline diabetes screening:
•Anyone aged 30 years or over
•An overweight or obesity person
•Someone with a waist circumference that is larger than 40 inches in males or over 35 inches in females
•Someone with a close relative with diabetes
•Any condition that increases insulin resistance, which includes PCOS, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and acanthosis nigricans.
•Someone with an ethnic background that places an individual at high risk of diabetes, which include people who are Asian-American, African-American, Latino, a Pacific Islander or Native American.
•Someone with a history of gestational diabetes, or diabetes as a result of pregnancy
•A woman who have given birth to an infant weighing over 9 pounds
•Someone who have a disease that harden the arteries
•Someone with a recent treatment with glucocorticoids or atypical antipsychotic medications
However, if your doctor identifies any of these risk factors, they may recommend that you go for screening of blood glucose levels.
Most medical professionals advise repeating screening tests every 1 to 3 years if the person has all these risk factors.
So if anyone who is concerned that they may have borderline diabetes should make sure they visit the doctor for proper diagnosis and testing.
The possible Treatment
Borderline diabetes is reversible, but it is often easier to prevent it than to treat. The lifestyle factors are the primary causes of borderline diabetes, and making changes in some aspects of life can actually reduce the risk factors.
•Having a balanced, nutritious diet that moderates sugar intake and also a regular exercise can help reverse borderline diabetes.
•Having an active lifestyle can help prevent or reverse borderline diabetes.
However, according to the American Diabetes Association, nutrition and diet changes should include the following:
•An improving intake of unprocessed high fibre carbohydrates
•An increasing consumption of vegetables
•A reduction of saturated fat and processed meat intake.
•Exercise is also important. It has been said that exercise can help prevent or delay diabetes from developing.
The recent guidelines for Americans recommend that all adults should:
•Have at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity every week
•Have a muscle strengthening exercises at least twice every week, like lifting weights or doing push-ups. The examples of moderate exercise are brisk walking and fast dancing.
So having a regular exercise and also a healthful diet will not only help reduce your risk of developing diabetes but also protect your heart against future diseases.