Everything you need to know about Prediabetes
Whenever a person has prediabetes, their blood glucose levels will consistently get high but not high enough to develop into diabetes.
Note that Prediabetes is a widespread condition in the United States. About 40 percent of people that are over the age of 18 and nearly 50 percent of people that are 65 years and older have prediabetes, according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
You should know that getting enough exercise, eating a wholesome of diet, and having healthful weight can reverse prediabetes and also prevent the development of diabetes. Today, we will look at prediabetes, ways you can test for it, and also how to reverse the condition.
So what is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes happens to be when someone has consistently high blood sugar levels which have not yet developed to the stage of diabetes.
Whenever a person has prediabetes, their body system cannot use insulin effectively. You should know that Insulin is the hormone responsible for transporting sugar from the bloodstream to the cells to use for energy.
However, the inability to use insulin correctly results in the cells not receiving enough sugar. And as a consequence, too much sugar will remain in the bloodstream.
A high blood sugar levels can cause a serious health complications for someone, especially a damage to the blood vessels, kidney and heart.
It is well known that more than 84 million adults in the U.S according to the CDC have prediabetes, but many of them don’t know they have this condition, may be because it is completely symptomless. However, by the time most of them that’s experience symptoms, the condition has progressed to diabetes.
According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) who suggested that people should doing blood screening test for diabetes when they are about 45 years old.
But however, glucose testing should start early enough for people who have risk factors for diabetes, like someone with overweight or a person having a family history of diabetes.
The Glycated haemoglobin test
Most healthcare professionals always call the glycated haemoglobin test the A1C test. However, they use it to check a person’s average blood sugar levels over the previous 3 months.
The A1C blood test score of between 5.7 to 6.4 percent which means an individual is likely to have prediabetes.
You should note that some conditions, such as pregnancy, can really impact on a person’s blood sugar levels and may also interfere with A1C results.
Additionally, the results of some people may show inaccuracies in A1C testing. It include results from people with a genetic sickle cell trait. And these inaccuracies can lead to poor management of blood sugar, a misdiagnosis of the disease or Fasting blood glucose test.
Some doctors consider a result of about 100 to 125 milligrams per decilitre as a sign of prediabetes.
For people taking the FBGT cannot drink or eat for at least 8 hours before giving their blood sample. However, many arrange their test for early morning, as most people will already have fasted overnight.
The Oral glucose tolerance test.
A Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) can help diagnose prediabetes. You should also know that the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) also requires 8 hours of fasting. And blood sugar levels can then be checked before and 2 hours after drinking a glucose drink.
Also, other protocols includes the testing of blood sugar levels every 30 to 60 minutes after the consumption of glucose drink.
Some doctors consider a 2 hour value of around 140 to 199 mg/dl as a sign of impaired glucose tolerance. You should know that Prediabetes produces this effect on the blood.
Most doctors uses the Oral glucose tolerance test to help diagnose people who should not undergo the A1C test, like women who may have gestational diabetes or women with blood conditions.
The Prediabetes testing in children
The statistics in 2012, according to the ADA, the number of adolescents between the ages of 12 to 19 with prediabetes had increased from about 8 percent of this age group to around 23 percent.
They recommend an annual diabetes screenings for children who happens to be overweight or have a combination of risk factors for prediabetes. However, medical professionals will interpret the children test results in the same manner as those for adults.
Here the risk factors for prediabetes and diabetes in children:
Having overweight: the children who are obese or have high levels of fat around their midriff will have a higher risk of prediabetes than children who are not.
The Age factor: know that most diagnoses of diabetes in children happens in their teenage age
The Family factor: the children who have family history of diabetes or a mother who had gestational diabetes are more likely to struggle with blood sugar control.
The Race or ethnicity factor: some children of Native American, African American, and also Hispanic descent are likely to have diabetes in comparison to other ethnicities and races.
Note that people with prediabetes should have blood glucose tests at least once a year or more often, all depends on their risk factors.
There are many factors that can contribute to the development of prediabetes.
Extensive research has identified the links between family history and prediabetes. But however, a sedentary lifestyle and too much belly fat are among the most common of prediabetes and diabetes.
The Risk factors for prediabetes and diabetes includes:
Having overweight or obese: having the presence of fatty tissue reduces the sensitivity of the cells to glucose.
The Age factor: this Prediabetes can develop at any age, however, health experts believe the risk rises once over 45 years. But this may be due to inactivity, a loss of muscle mass, poor diet, which typically reduces with age.
The Diet factor: if you regularly consume excess carbohydrates, especially sweetened drink or foods, this can impair insulin sensitivity over time.
The Sleep patterns: the people with obstructive sleep apnea have an increased risk of developing prediabetes.
The Family history: if you have an immediate relative with diabetes, this will increase the risk of you developing the condition.
The Stress factor: a research about men in the workplace was found that people who experience long-term stress may face a higher risk of diabetes. Note that during periods of stress, the body releases the hormone cortisol into the bloodstream, and there by raising blood glucose levels.
The Gestational diabetes: for women who give birth to infants that weighs 9 pounds or more may have a higher risk of prediabetes. And those who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy and their children are also at a higher risk of having the condition.
The Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): the women with PCOS are more susceptible to insulin resistance, this means that it can lead to prediabetes or diabetes.
The Ethnicity factor: for dependence of the African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Native Americans, all tend to have risk of developing prediabetes. However, the reasons are still unclear.
The Metabolic syndrome: the combination of the impact of obesity, bad fats, high levels of triglycerides or high blood pressure and a lower level of high-density lipoprotein, good fats or HDL, can increase insulin resistance over time. The Metabolic syndrome is the presence of three or more condition which influences a person’s metabolism.