Ten Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases That Are Not Very Popular
Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are usually the last things to come to mind when the urge to get under the sheets rises. However, they are so common today that nearly every sexually active man or woman encounters at least one type of them in their lifetime.
While some sexually transmitted infections or STIs as they are also called are very popular, some of them are not. Most times, one can even have them without knowing he or she has them.
This is mainly because the symptoms may not start showing until after a very long time. Without a proper medical test, one may not get to discover some of them early.
The only way to keep away from some of these diseases completely is by practicing safely. So, let’s go on to discuss some of the sexually transmitted diseases that are not very popular today. Their symptoms, treatments, and prevention.
10 Sexually Transmitted Diseases That Can Be Gotten From Unprotected Sex You Should Know About
Below is a list of sexually transmitted infections that are not as popular as HIV but are very common in our world today.
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum
This sexually transmitted disease is very common among people in the developing world. It was once believed to be affecting only those persons until further discoveries revealed it is also found in places like Australia, North America, and Western Europe.
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is frequently reported among men who have sexual intercourse with fellow men. The infection has been closely linked with other STDs with HIV being the highest of them. According to studies, the disease is on the rise all over the world.
Since it often comes with similar symptoms as other sexually transmitted diseases, you would need to get tested to know if you have it or not.
- Nongonococcal Urethritis
This is one of the STI’s considered to be asymptomatic. What that simply means is that the symptoms do not show up immediately or may never show up at all.
One can have them and go on for weeks, months, and even years without the symptoms showing up. In several cases, it may never show up at all.
Nongonococcal urethritis is not known to be caused by a particular virus or bacterium like several other STDs. It is mostly referred to as any type of urethritis that is not caused by gonorrhea.
Some of the symptoms you may notice if you have this disease include discharge from the penis or vagina, a burning sensation while urinating, etc. Two common diseases have been traced to this STD in terms of causes and they are Mycoplasma genitalium and Chlamydia. Early detection plays a very important role in the treatment of this disease.
- Human Papilloma Virus
Human papillomavirus affects more people on a daily basis than several other kinds of STD. According to studies, Human papillomavirus or HPV is so common that over 75 percent of those who are sexually active have had it at some point in their lives while about 25 percent of women all over the world are said to be having this disease at any time.
Human papillomavirus is seriously linked with cervical cancer, genital warts, and several other kinds of diseases. Though there is a vaccine given to people to help prevent this, it has no medical cure presently.
However, that Human papillomavirus has no medical cure doesn’t mean you will have to live with it for life. The body has a way of getting rid of it on its own. Apart from that, treatments exist that can help take care of the symptoms at a particular time.
Trichomoniasis is also very common among sexually active men and women. Although the illness is not very popular, it affects a very large percentage of people. Especially females. Men may have it from time to time but the symptoms rarely show in them.
Due to the symptoms of Trichomoniasis, many women wrongly assume they are having a yeast infection or any other type of infection when what they are having in the real sense is Trich.
The most common symptoms of Trichomoniasis include itching, irritation, pain during sexual intercourse, frothy discharge, and a very foul smell.
Trichomoniasis left untreated can increase your risk of contracting other sexually transmitted infections. So if you have been diagnosed with this, the earlier you treat it, the better.
Scabies is a disease that spreads mainly through the skin to skin contact, making it one of the diseases that can be gotten through sexual intercourse.
Scabies causes the skin to itch very seriously especially during the night. Common areas where the rash is worse on the skin include the ankles and wrists, between the fingers, and areas around the genitals. Sarcoptes scabei is the name of the parasite that causes the disease.
Scabies is generally spread through close contact including shared personal wears and bedding. That is why the use of condoms and other barriers do not completely protect one against the disease.
- Hepatitis B and C
Over 1.2 million of the people living in the US are said to be affected by Hepatitis B. Chronic hepatitis can damage the liver, leading to cancer of the liver and cirrhosis.
Though both hepatitis B and C are transmitted through sex, the most common of the two is hepatitis B. According to studies, the risk of men having this disease is 6 times higher than that of women. The reason for this is still unknown.
The symptoms include abdominal pain, lack of appetite, fever, rash, vomiting, joint pain, fatigue, etc. For some persons, the symptoms may not be noticed for a very long time. In severe cases, the disease can lead to memory loss, insanity, and death.
Hepatitis can be treated medically. In most cases, the body fights the disease until it clears up. Once that happens, the person who has had the illness can never get it again. This is due to the antibodies produced during the fight against the disease.
Apart from that, vaccination is available to help prevent people from contracting the disease. By practicing safe sex also, you reduce your risk of getting infected with the disease.
Hepatitis B and C remain two of the most common STI’s that are not very popular. That is changing all over the world though.
- Bacterial Vaginosis
Though bacterial vaginosis is very common, it is not all that popular. It has to do with the disappearance and replacement of the healthy bacteria that live in the vagina by harmful ones.
BV as it is also called causes severe itching and burning sensation at the areas around the vagina, gray or white discharge, and a fishy smell that is noticeable immediately after sexual intercourse.
Bacterial vaginosis has been linked to having new or multiple sexual partners. The likelihood of one getting it again even after successful treatment is very high. You can keep yourself safe from having the disease frequently by practicing safe sex. Avoid having multiple sexual partners and always insist on the use of condoms to keep yourself protected.
This is also one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in our world today. Herpes is mainly associated with cold sores (for HSV1) and genital sores (for HSV2).
Scientists are yet to come up with a very specific cure for herpes though the illness can be treated medically with antiviral drugs.
Though the use of condoms during sex reduces the risk of contracting the disease, it does not take it away completely. This is because herpes spread through close personal contact. As long as skin to skin contact is made, the risk of one getting the disease will always be there.
Herpes can be transmitted through anal, oral, or vaginal sex.
- Pubic Lice (Crabs)
Pubic lice or crabs are a specie of lice that lives primarily in the hair around the genitals. Sometimes they may live in other areas like the armpits and eyebrows.
Though pubic lice can be transmitted through infested clothing and underwear, they are mainly spread via sexual contact. The microorganisms are so tiny that you may never know they are there unless you observe closely.
Crabs cause discomfort and severe itching in the private part areas. You may occasionally notice their eggs in the armpits, eyebrows, or around the genitals.
You must understand that these pubic lice are not the same as the type that lives in the hair on the head. You can hardly see them living up there. The main place they infest is the pubic hairs.
- Mycoplasma Genitalium
Mycoplasma genitalium is one of the least known sexually transmitted diseases that are very common today. It has been associated with nongonococcal urethritis among male folk and also cervicitis in females. It has also been linked with other long term medical challenges like infertility in both genders.
MG does not cause any known unique symptoms. That is the reason most people do not realize they have it unless a proper medical test is conducted.
While the names of HIV/AIDS, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis are very popular when it comes to STI’s, other diseases are not widely known even though they are very common.
In this article, we have discussed 10 of the common sexually transmitted diseases that are not very popular today. Their causes, treatment, and prevention.
I hope you find the information in this article useful.