THE BASIC EFFECTS OF DIABETES IN WOMEN
The disease Diabetes is a chronic disease that impairs blood sugar regulation in the body. It has been said that both men and women can develop diabetes, but some symptoms are likely to affect women more.
Lots of the risks of diabetes affect both sexes, but there are some differences.
It has been noticed that around one in every nine female adults in the United States has diabetes, this is according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Today, this write up will look at how diabetes can affect women, the signs and symptoms to look out for, who is at risk, and when to request to be tested.
The Effects Of Diabetes In Women
So many of the symptoms of diabetes are common to both women and men, but there are some features that are specific to women.
The Oral and vaginal thrush.
There are some symptoms of diabetes that are unique to women.
Many women with diabetes are more likely to experience a thrush or a yeast infection, in the mouth and vagina.
The high levels of blood sugar create an ideal breeding ground for the Candida fungus that causes this kind of condition.
Some of the Symptoms include:
•The sore skin
•The vaginal discharge
•The itchy sensations
•A painful sex or dyspareunia
•And also a white coating on the tongue, if the fungus happens to infects the mouth.
Some people with diabetes are likely to develop different types of infections, with more serious symptoms and with a higher possibility of complications than people without diabetes.
A higher blood sugar levels in your body affect the immune system’s ability to respond fast to pathogens such as fungi, bacteria and viruses.
The Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Many women with diabetes have high risk of the urinary tract infection (UTI). According to the 2015 review, about 13 percent of women studied developed a UTI within their first year they received diagnosis of diabetes. While only 4 percent of men experienced one.
The symptoms of a UTI include:
•A painful, burning urination
•A cloudy urine
•A blood in urine
•Any person that has diabetes and also has a urinary tract infection should try to go for treatment as soon as possible to avoid further complications, such as kidney infection.
A Sexual dysfunction
The higher risk of a urinary tract infection or candidiasis can also contribute to a lower libido or lower sex drive. But however, other factors can also affect this.
So many people with diabetes also develop diabetic neuropathy. However, this happens when high glucose levels in the blood result in damage to the body’s nerve fibres. Note that the impact of this varies widely, it however includes reduced sensations in the legs, hands and feet, also altered sexual experiences in the vagina.
There might be:
•A low lubrication of the vagina
•A difficulty with arousal of the clitoris and also having an orgasm
•Getting pains during sex
•And also anxiety
The above dysfunctions, can affect a person’s interest or pleasure in sex.
The Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
If any person has diabetes, there is a high chance of the person having PCOS. However, in PCOS, a hormonal imbalance simply means the ovaries are unable to release eggs effectively. It is good to know that this can affect fertility.
The polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is not a symptom of diabetes, but a woman that has diabetes is more likely to be affected than one who does not have diabetes.
It is good to also note that genetic factors may play a role, but there may also be a link between insulin production and PCOS, according to the American diabetes association (ADA).
The Symptoms includes:
•An irregularity in the menstrual cycle
•The increase in body weight
•The changes of the skin.
In case a person receives a diagnosis of PCOS, the person should also ask the doctor about screening for diabetes.
The Gestational diabetes
The gestational diabetes happens to be a temporary condition that affects some women during pregnancy.
The Effects of gestational diabetes
It is good to know that gestational diabetes often resolves after delivery, but a person who experiences it might have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Here are other problems that might arise:
•Often, some women experience gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
•A difficulty in delivering
•A need for a caesarean delivery
•The risk of tearing in the vagina or between the anus and the vagina
•A heavy bleeding after delivery
•And also, the baby may be born with
•A breathing problems
•A low blood sugar
However, there may be no symptoms during pregnancy, so having a medical test is very important, especially for those who might be at risk.
Please if gestational diabetes is present, it will be vital to follow the doctor’s instructions about exercise, diet and also tracking your blood sugar levels.
The Risk factors for women
A Gestational diabetes is more likely happen if:
•The person has overweight before becoming pregnant
•The person has prediabetes, when blood sugar levels are high but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes
•The person has a family history of diabetes
•The person has previously had gestational diabetes
•The person has delivered an infant larger than 9 pounds in the past
•The person has PCOS
•The person has an African American, Hispanic, Asian American, Native American, or Pacific Island background
Know that Diabetes can affect both men and women, but women can have some specific symptoms.
The current guidelines from the American Diabetes Association recommend a regular screening for diabetes from persons that are 45 years or earlier if a person has other risk factors. It is very important for women to ask about screening if they have PCOS or if they are or plan to become pregnant.
Every woman should talk to their healthcare team about any special requirements if they have a diagnosis of PCOS, during pregnancy or before, and also around the time of menopause.