THE EARLY SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS OF DIABETES
The condition diabetes, causes a person’s blood sugar levels to become too high. But recognizing the early symptoms and signs of this chronic condition will result for a person to get treatment sooner, which will also reduce the risk of severe complications.
It is good to know that diabetes is a common condition globally. The 2017 report from the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found out that more than 30.3 million adults in the United States have diabetes conditions. And also, the report estimated that another 84.1 million U.S. adults have prediabetes.
Many people with prediabetes have higher than normal blood sugar levels, however, doctors don’t consider them to have diabetes yet. But according to Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the people with prediabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within 4 to 5 years if they do not get treatment.
Please note that diabetes can be gradual, the signs and symptoms can be mild during the early stages. And as a result, so many people may not realize that they have this condition.
Today’s article, we will look at the early symptoms and signs of diabetes and the importance of early diagnosis. And we will also discuss the risk factors for developing this condition.
The Early Symptoms And Signs of Diabetes
• A Frequent Urination
It is well known that when blood sugar levels are high, the kidneys try to remove the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood system. And this will make the person to be urinating more frequently, particularly at night.
• An Increase In Thirst
Note that the frequent urination that is necessary to remove excess sugar from the blood can result in the body losing additional water. And over time, this can cause serious dehydration and lead to a person feeling more thirsty than normal.
• The Person Always Feeling Hungry
If you are always have constant hunger or thirst, it can be early signs and symptom of diabetes.
So many people with diabetes often do not get enough energy from the food that they eat.
Note that the digestive system breaks food down into a simple sugar called glucose, which the body uses as fuel. But however, people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose moves from the bloodstream into the body’s cells. And as a result, people that has diabetes often feel constantly hungry, no matter how recently they have eaten.
• Always Feeling Very Tired
It is good to know that diabetes can impact on a person’s energy levels, causing them to feel very tired or fatigued. And this tiredness normally occurs as a result of insufficient sugar moving from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
• Having Blurry Vision
Having excess of sugar in the blood system can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause the person to have blurry vision. And this blurry vision can also occur in one or both of the eyes and may normally come and go. Note that if the person with diabetes goes without a treatment, the damage to these blood vessels can become very severe, and a permanent loss of vision may eventually occur.
• Having Slower Healing Of Wounds And Cuts
A high levels of sugar in the blood system can damage the body’s blood vessels and nerves, which can impair blood circulation. And as a result, even small wounds and cuts may take some weeks or even months to heal. Also note that slow wound healing also increases the risk of infection.
• A Numbness, Tingling, Or Pains In The Feet Or Hand
A high blood sugar levels can affect blood circulation and also damage the body’s nerves system. For people that has diabetes, this can lead to a sensation of tingling or pains or numbness in their feet and hands. However, this condition is known as neuropathy, and though it can worsen over time and also lead to more serious complications if the person does not get treatment for their diabetes sooner.
• Having Patches Of Dark Skin
Having patches of dark skin forming on the creases of the neck, groin, or armpit can also signify a higher risk of diabetes. But however, these patches may feel very soft and velvety. Note that this skin condition is known as acanthosis nigricans.
• Having Yeast Infections And Itching
To have excess sugar in the blood and urine provides food for yeast, which can also lead to infection. However, yeast infections tend to occur on warm, moist areas of the skin, like the mouth, armpits and the genital areas. And this affected areas are usually itchy, but a person may also experience soreness, redness and burning.
The Importance of early diagnosis
For persons with diabetes, recognizing the early symptoms and signs of diabetes can allow you to get a diagnosis and treatment sooner. Getting the appropriate treatment, changing your lifestyle, and also controlling blood sugar levels can greatly improve a your health and quality of life and then reduce the risk of serious complications. Also note that an early diagnosis may help to prevent complications, and without treatment, a persistent high blood sugar levels can lead to severe conditions and sometimes a life threatening complications which includes:
•A heart disease
•Partial or permanent stroke
•A neuropathy or nerve damage
•A problems in the feet
•A deadly kidney disease, which can result in a person needing dialysis
•A sexual problems in both men and women
It is well known that an untreated diabetes can also lead to hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), but however, these causes a severe and persistent increase in blood sugar levels. Note that some illness or infection will usually trigger HHNS, which sometime will require hospitalization. And this sudden complication always affect older people.
You should also know that keeping blood sugar levels under control is very crucial for preventing some of these complications from affecting you. And also, the longer that blood sugar levels remain uncontrolled in you, the higher your risk of having other health problems.