Top 7 Genetic Disorders

Top 7 genetic disorders

 

Top 7 Genetic Disorders

While diseases are caused by several factors, some are genetic. That is, they have little or nothing to do with an individual’s actions or lifestyle. They are mainly passed from parents to their children and can also come as a result of genetic mutations that can either be triggered by certain environmental exposure or occur randomly.

Genetic diseases are often very difficult to control. Most do not even have a permanent medical solution. While treatments can help relieve the symptoms and even prolong the life of a carrier, there is no guarantee that he or she may fully recover from it.

In this article, we will discuss the top 10 diseases that are genetic that you need to know. Here, you will learn about their symptoms, treatments, etc.

Below are some of the most common genetic disorders in existence

  1. Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis affects about 1 in every 2500 white Americana, 17,000 African Americans, and 31,000 Asian American newborns. It is a medical condition that causes the body to produce thick and sticky mucus in excess. This mucus can block the livings of the digestive system, respiratory system, and reproductive system, leading to severe infections in the lungs and several other body organs.

Since the mucus can block the intestines, vas deferens, and other organs, most people with cystic fibrosis may have serious issues with digestions and fertility.

Cystic Fibrosis occurs when a child inherits two faulty CFTR genes from his parents (one from the father who is a carrier of the recessive gene and one from the mother).

The signs and symptoms of this disease or genetic disorder include ongoing diarrhea, constipation or too much gas in the intestine as a result of the blockage, frequent coughing that brings up bloody or thick mucus as a result of the blockage of the airways, and inability to produce a child as a result of the cervix or vas deferens being blocked. Other symptoms that can be noticed include very salty sweat, fatigue, decreased blood pressure, etc.

Several treatment options are available for people with this genetic disorder.

  1. Sickle Cell Diseases

Also known as sickle cell anemia, the disease is one of the most popular hereditary diseases out there. It is quite common among Africans and African Americans.

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It is caused when abnormal hemoglobin is inherited by a child from his parents. The hemoglobin then causes sicked shaped red blood cells which are fragile and ruptures easily, to be produced.

These sickled red blood cells can end up blocking other vessels of blood, leading to damage to vital body organs, tissues, and pain.

Among the symptoms of the disease are fatigued, Dactylitis, pain crises, bacterial infections, eye damage, and leg ulcers.

Early and constant treatments have helped help people with this disease live longer than before. One remarkable thing about the sickle cell anemia though, is that the abnormal hemoglobin somehow helps protect the carriers against Malaria.

 

  1. Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s disease is one of the diseases that are passed from parents to offsprings through genes. The hereditary disease affects the nerve cells found in certain parts of the brain, causing them to degenerate or die off gradually.

Although a person may be born with this disease, the symptoms do not start showing until adulthood. The affected nerve cells, which are a part of the motor controls department in the brain, leading to the inability of a person to move, feel, and think properly.

Other symptoms like anger, depression, irritability, or mood swings may also be present. People with the disease may also have a problem controlling their balance or face, feet, fingers, or trunk movement.

Presently there is no medical cure for Huntington’s disease although there treatments that can help in keeping the symptoms under control.

  1. Marfan Syndrome

Marfan Syndrome is a medical condition that affects the body‘s connective tissues. It is one of the health challenges that are passed from parents to their offsprings. The areas of the body most affected by Marfan Syndrome include the eyes, blood vessels, heart, nervous system, respiratory system, skin, and skeleton.

Apart from the fact that there is no known medical cure for the disease, there is also no specific laboratory test for it. That is the main reason the genetic disorder is one of the most difficult to control. It takes a medical doctor with a good knowledge of the disease to detect it.

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Marfan syndrome is characterized by different parts of the body being disproportionately longer than the others. Physically, the face legs, hands, fingers, or toes may be unusually long compared to other parts of the body. People with the disorder are usually very tall and slender.

Though there is no medical cure for the disease, there are treatments that can help reduce the effects on the body or prevent it.

  1. High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is one of the most common medical condition in the world today. It is also known as Hypertension. It occurs when the tension or pressure in the arteries, the vessels that cover blood pressure is said to have occurred when the blood pressure in these arteries read from 130 up.

A person is said to be having a normal blood pressure when his readings are below 120/80. 120-129 is known as elevated blood pressure. It is from there that high blood pressure results.

Hypertension is caused by several things. Among them is hereditary factors. If one or two parents have high blood pressure, there is a chance their offspring may also have it.

High blood pressure is very deadly and can lead to other medical conditions like stroke, kidney diseases, and heart attack.

Among the symptoms is Shortness of breath, nausea, dizziness, headache, feeling of pulsations in the head or neck, etc.

Hypertension treatment may include some medications and lifestyle changes like exercise, avoidance of alcohol and smoking, etc.

  1. Arthritis

Arthritis is a disease that affects the joints of the body, causing them to be inflamed. The illness affects people of all ages both men and women.

Arthritis can lead to limited mobility and inability to hold something well as a result of the swelling and stiffness of joints. The symptoms of the disease are fatigue, fever, weight loss, gland swelling, etc.

Arthritis can be caused by things like injury, infections, metabolic abnormalities, and hereditary factors. There are different types of illnesses.

There are several treatment options available for people with this disease. They include over-the-counter medications, home remedies, physical therapy, splinting, pain medications, and surgery. Whichever treatment option your doctor suggests will depend on the particular type of arthritis you are having.

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One of the things that can help you manage and overcome this illness is early treatment. Once you start noticing any of the symptoms especially an inflammation of any of your joints, quickly consult your doctor for help. If the test result proves you have the diseases, do not hesitate to begin the treatment.

  1. Diabetes

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death all over the world. It is usually characterized by an excess level of sugar present in the blood. In a normal human body, the pancreas produces insulin which is responsible for lowering the sugar or glucose in the body. Diabetes results when the body fails to produce enough insulin or use the one it produces.

According to Scientists, people with a record of diabetes in their families are at a greater risk of having diseases. Among the early symptoms is dehydration, weight loss, increases appetite, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and frequent infections.

Diabetes can lead to several other complications if not properly treated. Some of them are eye complications heart attack, brain damage, pain, kidney damage, hardening of the arteries, etc.

In Summary

There are several diseases out there that are genetic or hereditary. Genetical here means that they can be passed from parents to offsprings. For some of these diseases, the manifestations may start early. Some take lots of years before they show up.

In this article, we discussed 7 genetic diseases. If you ever suspect you might be having any of them, do not hesitate to consult your doctor for help.

I hope you find the information here useful.

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