What are Kidney stones? Causes, Symptoms, and treatments.

Kidneys StonesWhat are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are solid mineral and salt deposits that form over time, inside a person’s kidney. Another set of names for kidney stones are; ( renal calculi or urolithiasis)

There are very many causes of kidney stones.
To mention a few; following a strict diet, gaining an excessive amount of bodyweight, critical medical conditions, are among the many causes of kidney stones.
Kidney stones can typically affect any part of the urinary tract —and this ranges from the kidney down to the bladder.
More often than not, the kidney stones usually form when urine becomes heavily concentrated, this aiding the crystallization of minerals and causing them to stick together.

As you’re fully aware, the kidney does remove waste fluid from your blood, as urine through the bladder to the genitals.
Sometimes, when there is a lot of cluttered amounts of certain wastes in the body, while there is not enough fluid present, these wastes will in turn build up over a long period.
These clumps of waste are defined as kidney stones.
When there are rooting waste in the body, and the blood lacks enough fluid in it, these waste van collectively build up and stick together in the kidney.
These wastes are referred to as kidney stones.

Often, kidney stones do not usually show any sign or symptoms until it has gradually moved around within the walls of the kidney or perhaps through the uterus. (Those are the tubes forming the connection link between the kidney and the bladder) When this keeps up in the ureters for a long time, it will very likely block the free flow of urine this causing the judge to swell, while the ureter will begin to spasm.

It’s needles yo say that this is a very painful experience.
When it gets to this point, it is very normal to begin to experience some of these signs and symptoms;

  • Severe and sharp pain in the sides And the back of the body, right below the ribs.
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  • A shooting pain right through the lower abdomen, down to the groin area.


  • Severe series of pain that comes in seasons.


  • An unusual burning sensation while urinating. Mainly felt in the genital.

The Types of kidney stones.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidneys Stones


There are very many different types of kidney stones. Having a clear cut understanding of the types of kidney stones there is, will help in determining the root cause and also go a long way In providing clues on how to reduce the risk of falling victim to kidney stones, over and over again.

These Are;

  • Calcium Kidney Stones:

    The common type of kidney stones are calcium stones, and they are in the form of calcium oxalate.
    There are quite a few dietary factors like; a high dose intake of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery, and a lot of different other metabolic disorders play their part to further increase the concentration of calcium (oxalate) in the urine.

Calcium kidney stones do also occur in the form of (calcium phosphate).
This type of stone (Calcium Phosphate) is a lot common to occur in metabolic conditions, some of which can be; a renal tubular acidosis.
Calcium Kidney Stones can also be linked with certain kinds of medications that are used for the treatment of migraines and or seizures.
Some of these medications are; topiramate (Topamax, Trokendi XR, Qudexy XR).

The second type of kidney stone we have is;

  • The Struvite Kidney Stone.

The Struvite kidney stones, form as a response to a severe urinary tract infection.

These struvite stones will then grow quickly becoming quite large, and more often than not, this happens without warnings or symptoms.

The next on the list;

  • The Uric Acid Stones.

The Uric acid stones typically form in persons who lose a lot of fluid as a result of chronic diarrhea or malabsorption, persons who have a high protein intake, and lastly, people with diabetes.
There are also a lot of different genetic factors that can likely increase a person’s chance of being at risk of uric acid stones.

Other symptoms and signs you should be aware of;

  • A urine discoloration. (Pink, Red or Brown)

  • A sour foul urine smell.

  • The need to urinate a lot more than usual, and in very tiny bits.

  • A feeling of nausea and vomiting.

Kidney Stones Treatments.

Now to the peak of this article,
Let’s find out the treatment for kidney stones.

The first thing to note is, the treatment for a kidney stone typically differs based on how big the kidney stone is, I.e size, what the kidney stone is made of, whether or not it causes severe pain, and also whether or not it is blocking the urinary tract.

To determine which is the best treatment for kidney stones, one will have to visit a doctor, they will be asked to undergo a series of tests; Urine test, Blood Test, x-ray, and more often, a CT scan.
Often, a CT scan utilizes a contrast dye.
After the test, if the results presented show that the stone is quite little, the best medication to prescribe at that point is to drink lots of fluid, to push the stone down the urinary tract.
However, if results show that it (the stones) is a lot bigger, making it impossible to go down the urinary tract, at this point additional treatment is being taken.
Another common treatment option is ureteroscopy.
To perform ureteroscopy, the patient is required to undergo anesthesia.
The doctor makes use of a long tool; it’s typically a tube-like shape, to locate and remove the kidney stone or sometimes, to break the stone into smaller bits.
This is done under to make the stones so small, that they can be flushed down through urination.

Steps To Prevent Kidney Stones.

One of the best-recommended ways to prevent kidney stones is by drinking lots of water. An average of 12 glass of water daily.

Nonetheless, If for any reason you do have a type of health condition that makes you prone to having kidney stones, do let your physician or doctor know.
They will walk you through your treatment process.

We would conclude on the note, that you shouldn’t take any medication, diet, or self prescriptions without consulting a doctor.

That’s it on what kidney stones are in this article.

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