What Protects A Baby In The Womb

What Protects A Baby In The Womb


What Protects A Baby In The Womb?

Developing babies known as fetuses are usually very delicate, and require optimum care and steady good health to be able to carry them for the period of the nativity, which is usually 9 months.

Before we go into details on discussing the topic extensively, it is pertinent you know the definition of terms as related to gestation and child-bearing.

Definition of Terms As Related to Child Birth


This is the period of time during which an infant human physically develops inside the mother’s body until it is given birth to. It is otherwise known as pregnancy, and it lasts for nine months.



This is the female’s external reproductive organ that extends from the uterus to the vulva. It makes up the part of the women’s genitals, found behind the bladder and positioned in front of the rectum that makes up a canal. It is the passage leading from the opening of the vulva to the cervix of the uterus for copulation and childbirth in female mammals.



Fetuses or fetuses are developing babies in the woman’s womb. It is an unborn child usually from the eighth week after fertilization has taken place till the birth of the child. It is a human embryo after the 8th week of gestation.



This is the external female sexual organs, collectively.



The uterus is an organ of the female reproductive system in which the young are conceived and develop until birth; the womb. The uterus is the woman’s womb with a hollow, pear-shaped organ. It is found at the lower stomach between the bladder and the rectum. This is where the fertilized egg gets developed.



This is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. It is circular in Snape and it’s made up of mostly fibrous tissue and muscle.



It is a vascular organ in mammals, except monotremes and marsupials, present only in the female during gestation. It supplies food and oxygen from the mother to the fetus and passes back waste. It is implanted in the wall of the uterus and links to the fetus through the umbilical cord. It is expelled after birth.


•Umbilical Cord

The umbilical cord is a rope-like cord connecting the fetus to the placenta. It contains 2 arteries and a vein and carries oxygen and nutrients to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.

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•Amniotic Sac

The amniotic sac is a thin-walled sac that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy. The sac is filled with liquid made by the fetus known as the amniotic fluid and the membrane that covers the amnion, which is the fetal side of the placenta. This helps to protect the fetus from injury and regulates the temperature of the growing child.



The chorion is a nutritive and protective membrane that attaches higher vertebrate(which is the female human) fetuses to the uterus (womb).



The amnion is the innermost membrane of the fetal membranes of reptiles, birds, and mammals(man). It is the sac in which the embryo is suspended.



This is a dark green mass, the contents of the fetal intestines during the later stages of mammalian gestation(pregnancy), that forms the first feces of the newborn



How A Developing baby is protected in the uterus(womb)

From the definition of terms above, you will see that the developing baby(fetus) is kept inside a thin-walled sac called the amniotic sac, and the amniotic fluid produced, helps to keep the baby safe from injury. The amniotic sac is a bag-like structure, made of two membranes of amnion and chorion. It also contains important hormones, nutrients, and some antibodies that help to fight infections that might want to affect the baby. Once the egg is fertilized, it stays in the sac, having the amniotic fluid surrounding it.

The amniotic fluid is a clear and yellowish fluid that is found within the first-twelve days following conception within the amniotic sac. It surrounds the fetus in the uterus. This fluid is great of the functional importance of which, when the fluid becomes too little or much, it can lead or cause some complications. It is therefore of great significance that the amount of fluid is normal to ensure the well-being of the developing fetus.

At first, the amount of fluid present is comprised of the liquid that the mother produces at about 4-5 months of pregnancy. The developing baby then consumes and excrete this fluid and thereafter replaces it with urine.

The amniotic fluid becomes colored with either brown or green when the fetus passes out meconium. The presence of meconium in amniotic fluid can lead to altered breathing known as meconium aspiration syndrome. That is when the fetus takes the polluted fluid in and the stuff enters the lungs. Although, regular check-ups during and after pregnancy(antenatal and postnatal) will help detect and treat this case. So, you don’t need to panic.

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Some Functions of the Baby Protecting Fluid(amniotic fluid)

The amniotic fluid protects the baby from harm while in the womb. Here are some other vital functions of this fluid to the fetus.

1. Temperature Regulations

Due to the rise and fall of temperature as a result of the cooling effects of water, the temperature is regulated. The amniotic fluid helps to insulate the fetus by ensuring that it is kept warm and regular temperature is maintained.


2. Supports the Umbilical cord

The presence of amniotic fluid in the womb/uterus helps to prevent the umbilical cord from being compressed as a result of dehydration. When the cord is kept in a good functioning state, it helps in the efficient transport of food and oxygen from the placenta through the cord to the developing child.


3. Serves as Protection for Foetus

The fluid serves as an absorber of pressure and it is also not compressive. Therefore, the amniotic fluid cushions the baby from external pressures and act as an absorber of shock.


4. Develops Muscles and Bones

The mobility and floating of the developing baby in the amniotic sac allows the fetus the ability to develop healthy and proper bones and muscles development.


5. Fights infection

The presence of antibodies developed in the amniotic fluid helps to fight off harmful bacteria and other agents of infection in the amniotic sac. This keeps the baby safe and free from certain infections.


6. Serves a lubricant

The fluid reduces or stops dryness. The amniotic fluid serves as a Lubricant to the fetus. It prevents dryness and webbing of the body parts of the fetus. The fluid ensures wetness and also prevent conjoined growth, like limbs growing together. A low amount of fluid in the sac can lead to the webbing of body parts.


7. Develops the Lungs and The Digestive system

There is a law that states that a body part will develop when its in use. Conversely, when a body part is not on use, it tends to degenerate. However, the developing baby breathes and swallows the fluid using the digestive system and muscles to perform this function. The continuous use of the muscles and the systems helps to develop these body parts.

The organs listed and discussed above helps to ensure that the baby is kept safe in the womb until it is delivered. Although, other organs, bones, and muscles also help to protect the baby in the uterus, as well as other activities that are required to be avoided and some other to be practiced.

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During pregnancy, it is ideally required that the male should regularly have mated with the pregnant wife. This is advised so that the sperm released inside of the woman will help to provide nutrients and strength to the baby.

The stress and rigors of some house chores, high and length exercises are advised to be avoided. Getting exposed to a high level of noise can lead to the deafness of the Baby. Exposure to a high ray of UV and radiation can also cause deformation of the fetus.

The health status of the parents, especially the mother should be in check often. Good health of the parents will result also in the well-being of the fetus, while poor health of the parents can as well cause a severe health challenge to the developing baby.

Parental dietary and habits are necessary factors to consider. The intake of food by the mother has a way of affecting the diet preferences of the Baby. Intake of alcohol, smoking, and other caffeine diets should be avoided.


Things Not To Do When Pregnant

Here are some other things to avoid as a pregnant woman.

1. Avoid smoking or excessive exposure to smoke.

2. Avoid taking alcohol.

3. Avoid caffeinated drinks.

4. Do not get involved in risky exercises like skiing, horse ride, etc.

5. Unprescribed medication should be avoided.

6. Do not get exposed to germs and infection-causing agents.

7. Intake of fish high in mercury content should be avoided.



The essence of this work is to educate expectant mothers. Your health as a woman will greatly affect that of your baby negatively or positively. What protects the baby in your womb can be determined and monitored by you. Do well to get registered for antenatal to check your body system and that of the Baby.

Thanks for reading.

2 thoughts on “What Protects A Baby In The Womb

  • February 28, 2020 at 8:55 pm

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  • March 6, 2020 at 7:38 pm

    Hello, how’s it going? Just shared this post with a colleague, we had a good laugh.


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